Drug Detox and Treatment in Jail and Prison

Drug detox and treatment in jail or prison isn’t guaranteed to any addict or alcoholic. In fact, depending on the state and locality, the crime/s, sentence and a number of other variables, it’s possible that some addicts will receive no detox or treatment care whatsoever. This is a troubling issue considering the severe stress and potential medical danger of symptoms related to sudden abstinence and the resulting acute withdrawal. For most addicts facing jail or prison time, whether treatment is available or not is largely dependent upon luck.

Temporary Holding in Small Local Jails

For some addicts the worst situation possible is incarceration in a small local jail for a period of more than 24 hours. For instance, incarceration over a holiday weekend – when no arraignments or public processes occur – could mean that even a chronic addict or alcoholic may be forced to withdraw for a period of 3 or more days.

Small rural jails often have little to no detox resources available for inmates and subsequently even severe addicts are forced to “cold turkey” quit. For people who are addicted to substances like alcohol and benzodiazepine, withdrawal could prove dangerous and in some cases fatal without proper medical treatment. Opiate addicts (heroin, morphine, Oxycontin, Fentanyl, etc) are also at risk of complications related to withdrawal; including a high propensity for suicide.

Addicts who are placed in this type of situation are advised to politely but firmly state the nature of their addiction and request medical assistance of some type. When able to make a phone call, family members should be contacted to press the facility to provide care.

Larger City, Regional and State Jails

Larger city, regional and state jails are often better funded than small local jails and therefore offer some types of detox and treatment for drug addiction or alcoholism. In some cases this includes opiate replacement therapy and other types of medically-managed detox programs.

Because most jails house inmates for short periods of time, long term treatment – especially residential inpatient treatment – is generally not available. Instead, city, state and regional jails provide drug education and connect addicts with ongoing resources in the community to continue their recovery efforts “on the outside.” Often some components of these recovery efforts are mandated by the courts upon release and are enforced by a probation officer.

Recently city and regional jails have been motivated to improve their care of addicts after a surge in the number of lawsuits alleging that lack of care led to inmate deaths. Indeed, many of the cases are extremely compelling, and, regardless of fault, saddening. Unfortunately, many jails across the country are behind the times when it comes to detox, withdrawal and treatment for addicted inmates.

Bureau of Prisons

The Bureau of Prisons or BOP is a group of 117 prisons mostly managed by the federal government, with some contractor prisons as well. All of these institutions offer some type of detox and/or drug treatment including drug abuse education, non-residential drug abuse treatment and residential drug abuse treatment. (The Federal Bureau of Prisons Annual Report on Substance Abuse Treatment Programs. Fiscal Year 2011 Report to the Judiciary Committee United States Congress, as Required by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 December 2011)

While the BOP does claim some success as a result of its detox and treatment programs, there’s one troubling issue that detracts from any true progress: drugs are still easy to obtain in many prisons. In fact, a 2010 Washington Times article claims that because of liberal visitation policies and prolific cell phone smuggling, inmates are even able to conduct regular drug sales – including sales on the outside – all from the confines of their cell walls. (Drugs Inside Prison Walls The Washington Times 01/27/2010)

This means that despite the mandatory nature of many BOP drug treatment programs, it’s likely that a large percentage of inmates participating in such programs are in reality still finding it easy to procure and use drugs while behind bars. And with many facilities being consumed by drug culture, safely detoxing from drugs while in a federal prison might be impossible for some addicts.

Private Prisons

Private prisons are for-profit corporations that have come under fire in recent years for a number of alleged violations, including lack of detox facilities or drug treatment for incarcerated addicts and alcoholics. However, there seems to be a legitimate divide in the number of people who believe private prisons to be effective and those that do not.

Some people, like Alexander Tabarrok – a noted research director and assistance professor of economics at George Mason University – claim that private prisons offer significant public benefits in the way of reduced taxpayer burden, increased prison systems efficiencies and a higher level of overall care than public prisons. (Tabarrok, Alexander Private Prisons Have Public Benefits The Independent Institute)

However, others, like investigative journalist Maria Hinojosa, claim that because private prisons are private, they are not required to reveal the data necessary to determine if private prisons are indeed more effective;

“I couldn’t find out how many drug offenders or other prisoners at Crowley end up back behind bars because nobody is keeping track. And I couldn’t find out if the numbers of assaults in this prison had gone up or down since the riot, because those records are not available to the public. These kind of statistics are treated as privileged information by private prison companies.” (Hinojosa, Maria Reporter’s Notebook: Inside a Private Prison 05/09/08.)

In either case, many private prisons do offer treatment programs and medical detox in some cases, but each prison is different and so offerings and funding to maintain programs vary. Additionally, private prisons are not immune to inmate substance abuse and drug deals.

If you or someone you care about is struggling with a drug problem, don’t let an arrest and conviction cause you to find out what detox and treatment is like at the jail or prison near you. Reach out for help now, and avoid legal troubles altogether. After all, being forced to clean up just because you do some jail time doesn’t make you any more likely to stay clean once you get out. It has to be a choice you make on your own, and it has to be a choice you make right now.

Don’t let a life of drug abuse take away your freedom. Click here for an immediate, confidential consultation about a detox program that works in as little as 5 days. For special information for methamphetamine addicts, please use this link for detox for meth.

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Common Questions About Alcohol and Drug Detox

It is natural to have questions about alcohol and drug detox, especially when you are considering stepping away from your life to get help for a substance abuse problem. Making the decision to get detox help can be a difficult one, but hopefully these answers will give you some peace of mind.

What is alcohol and drug detoxification?

Detoxification is the process of eliminating the chemical toxins from your system that have collected as a result of your alcohol and drug abuse.

How long does alcohol and drug detox last?

The amount of time that you will spend in detox will depend on the substance abuse, but it can last from a few days to a few weeks. Drug detox is not necessary for everyone; it depends on the drugs used, how long you have been using, and the frequency of use and how much of the drug you have been using.

Will detox hurt?

Once you quit your substance abuse, you body will go through withdrawal symptoms because it wants what you are not giving it. Withdrawal symptoms can be painful depending on the severity.

Alcohol withdrawal symptoms may include physical and psychological symptoms such as:

· Headache

· Nausea and vomiting

· Insomnia

· Anxiety and irritability

· Depression

· DTs – periods of confusion and hallucinations

Drug withdrawal symptoms may include:

· Chills

· Nausea and vomiting

· Sweating

· Insomnia

· Anxiety and irritability

· Seizures

How do detox programs differ?

Detox treatments are available in outpatient and inpatient, as well as medical and nonmedical. Outpatient detox is a self reporting method and can be nonmedical, in which a natural approach such as acupuncture, meditation, yoga and vitamin therapy are used; whereas medical outpatient detox prescribes medication such as methadone, suboxone or subutex to detox.

Inpatient medical detox requires you to check into a center such as a hospital detox or a private detox center. Between the two, most patients discover that a private detox facility offers private patient rooms, a higher quality of individual care and better accommodations.

How are medical detox methods different?

Most traditional hospital detox units, use oral medications that have been shown to be not very effective at relieving the withdrawal symptoms in some of their patients.

IV therapy medical detox is administered intravenously which allows the doctor to make any necessary changes to the medication protocol as the patient’s withdrawal symptoms change to allow them then remain comfortable, which leads to a successful detox.

Is insurance accepted in detox?

Most insurance plans have a stipulation that includes a set number of days or a set dollar amount that the insurance company will pay for detox. There may be a deductible, co-pay or a percentage amount that the individual will be responsible for, but most detox centers accept insurance and some take Medicaid. You should check with the insurance company and with the detox facility to be sure.

How much does detox cost?

The cost of detox will vary with the type of detox program you choose. Outpatient detox costs less than inpatient and inpatient hospital detox may cost less than private detox. Most facilities offer discounts, scholarships or a sliding fee scale based on financial need, but it depends on the detox facility. Most detox facilities work with a finance company.

Consider this when you are looking at detox facilities and cost: if you need detox to get better so that you can be a better parent, employee, student, family member or friend – if you need detox so that you can take back control of your life from alcohol and drugs – don’t you think your life and your future are worth the investment?

Drug Detox: A Brief Overview

Drug detox is the process of eliminating the toxins accumulated in the body due to the intake of drugs. Different kinds of drug detox treatments are available these days. Usually drug detox centers give simple medication to the patient. This keeps the patient to get away from the withdrawal, which is the physiological and mental readjustment occurring due to the discontinuation of the use of drug or any other addictive substances. Withdrawal is considered as the first steps of drug detox.

The nature and severity of withdrawal mainly depends on the nature and level of dependency of the drug used. An ideal drug detox center needs to include all the aspects of the withdrawal. The people who use alcohol, cocaine and other prescription medicines need to take the drug detox courses regularly. Most of the detox center usually provides the therapy and counseling with their detox program.

There are different kinds of drug detox such as cocaine detox, crack detox, marijuana detox, ecstasy detox, heroin detox and methamphetamine detox. Inpatient and outpatient treatments are the two main treatments for the drugs detox.

In the inpatient treatment, the drug detox center gives 24 hours of support in a day. The new surroundings of the inpatient treatments usually help the patient to lead a drug free life. Usually hospitals are used for the inpatient treatments. Some times residences are used for these treatments. These residential inpatient treatments are conducted in residential surroundings with the complete supervision. Inpatient treatments can be conducted for both short-term and long-term periods. Often the inpatient treatments are conducted for some short period such as for thirty days whereas the long-term inpatient treatment usually lasts for many months or some times up to one year. Short-term inpatient treatments usually consist of medical stabilization, lifestyle changes and abstinence from drugs.

Because of the level of support provided, inpatient treatments are recommended for those who are severely addicted to drugs. Once out of inpatient care, outpatient treatments for regular checkups and care are also recommended for follow-ups.

If there is any residues remained in the body, it will grow and lead to cravings. Hence drug detox centers have to ensure the complete purification from the drugs. The drug residues usually remain in the fatty tissues of the patient’s body. These residues may be passed to the blood many years after the individual has stopped the taking of drugs. Drug residues also cause the desire for more drugs. Hence the complete elimination of drugs is very important in the drugs detox. This is usually achieved through the regular exercises, sauna and nutritional supplements. The residues of drugs such as LSD, phencyclidine, cocaine, manjuana and diazepam are mainly accumulated in the body. These compounds are usually found in long term and hard core drug users.

The first step for a successful drugs detox program is to make the patient to understand about the seriousness of the treatment. The patients need to prepare themselves to keep away from the drugs. The selection of an ideal drug detox center is also important for the success of drugs detox treatment. Since drug detox treatment causes withdrawal, patients need to have a highly supportive environment for success of their cleansing programs.

Rapid Drug Detox – Six Reasons Why It Doesn’t Live Up To The Hype

For nearly two decades, rapid opiate detox programs have been touted in the media and on the Internet as “the big new detox thing”, and the promotional claims have continued. But after 20 years, this often inordinately expensive and frequently dangerous procedure is still not mainstream, because it has real skeletons in its closet — rapid detox has killed people who might have survived a modern medical drug detox.

Rapid opiate detox refers to various approaches that use “opiate antagonists” — drugs that rapidly block the “opiate receptors” in the brain, swiftly bringing about the withdrawal symptoms expected for the substance being treated, and for the severity of the patient’s dependence.

Since “cold turkey” withdrawal symptoms can be severe, the procedure is performed under general anesthesia lasting several hours. The theory trumpeted by rapid detox practitioners is that upon awakening, patients are “refreshed and free of withdrawal symptoms, and no longer crave drugs.” In fact, recovery can take days, and some patients have continued to experience withdrawal symptoms weeks later, and others have complained of nausea for months.

Unfortunately, the claims for an safe and instant cure don’t agree with reality:

1. General anesthesia carries considerable inherent risks itself. Anesthesia is directly responsible for thousands of unexpected deaths every year, and there’s no reason to expect it to be any less risky during rapid detox, and reasons for it to be even more so.

2. Even though the patient is anesthetized, the body suffers enormous stresses as it experiences severe and traumatic withdrawal symptoms. One doctor commented that a patient had to be strapped to the table because their body was “flopping around like a fish out of water.” The effects of such stress cannot be predicted, and could have longer-term health consequences. Physical recovery can take days, weeks or months.

3. Many patients complain of continuing withdrawal symptoms long after their rapid detox. They may have withdrawn from opiates, but are often given one or more medications to help deal with the stress and pain of the procedure, which is basically continuing a dependence on drugs, as well as risking interactions with other drugs if the patient relapses.

4. The drugs used for rapid detox themselves carry certain risks, so much so that they require additional medical training to legally prescribe them. The training has been called less than perfect by some critics, for several reasons:

a. If a patient has unknown or unreported medical conditions or allergies, a rapid drug detox drug, or the anesthesia, or both together, could be devastating. The training, skill and experience of the doctors is vitally important. For example, seven deaths were reported in New Jersey because patients had underlying heart conditions, or took cocaine some time after the treatment. Several deaths were reported in Michigan following rapid detox treatment, resulting in the suspension of the physicians’ licenses by the state’s Attorney General.

b. A National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) report warned of complications with the procedure that are “unacceptable” for an unproven treatment method. The report went on to say that patients may be at risk of choking or cardiac complications when given large quantities of detox drugs in combination with anesthesia.

c. No two people are the same, and no two addictions are the same — everyone’s unique DNA, metabolism, level of health, addiction history and habits mean that any drug detox — not just rapid detox — is a unique situation. None of this is provided in the additional training.

d. Rapid detox — and indeed many drug detox programs in general — usually fail to take these critical factors into account, cheating patients of the chance for the complete care they should receive.

5. People who complete rapid drug detox are statistically more likely to overdose if they relapse — and the number that relapse is high. The drugs used for rapid detox seem to set a person up to be highly sensitive to opiates, so a former opiate addict who relapses may think he or she can consume the amount they used in the past, which now could be fatal.

6. Finally, rapid drug detox does absolutely nothing to rehabilitate an addict’s life. As it said in the NIDA report mentioned earlier, “detoxification is not a cure for opiate addiction.” Drug detox is only the gateway to full drug rehab which addresses the underlying reasons for any addiction.

After two decades, too many people have been misled into accepting the idea that rapid drug detox means the end of addiction. Unfortunately, many rapid drug detox completions wind up back in drug detox again, and most take advantage of a traditional medical drug detox program offering personalized care and a far greater level of safety.

Advantages Of Receiving Treatment At A Drug Detox Center

Though most people tend to think that they can discard the habit on their own, they actually require professional help at a drug detox center. People who suffer from addiction require therapeutic and medical interventions and the first step in a rehabilitation center commences with detoxification. This is a method of cleansing the body by getting rid of toxins left by the excessive use of drugs. The unexpected drug withdrawal can cause cramping, sweats and constipation, while a few severe cases can result in possible delirium and seizures. Additionally, with long-term drug usage, detoxification has to be performed under strict medical supervision. Hence, if you or your loved ones want to discard the addiction; you must opt for the right drug detox center and rehab program. Choosing the best detox center will provide you the facilities and support that you need to recover successfully.

Advantages Of Receiving Treatment At A Drug Detox Center:

Detox centers mainly follow psychotherapy treatments to encourage an addict in overcoming his addiction. Many detox centers also offer the option of personalized programs for their patients, depending upon the seriousness of the problem. The centers will also provide you with a leisure environment for curative benefits and the outdoor activities offered by these centers can help to bring you closer to nature and assist you in understanding the better ways of leading your life. Gradually, the detoxification and rehab programs will ensure that you see the positive change in yourself.

The main goal of these detox centers is to cleanse you from inside and bring about a permanent change in your behavior and help you get back to a healthy lifestyle free from all types of drug addiction. In order to bring about such important and drastic changes, these centers will provide you the appropriate treatment within their facilities in different stages and ensure your steady recovery.

Importance Of Drug Detox Center Procedures:

Many detox centers have been set up in the recent past, to help you in conquering your addiction. The programs put into practice by the psychologists and the medical practitioners at these centers, aim at making you stop the use of psychoactive substances. The drug abuse rehab programs facilitates towards releasing you from your physical and psychological dependency on drugs. There are several stages involved during these rehab procedures and detoxification is the foremost stage as during this stage all the residues of injurious substances are eliminated from your body.

Detoxification is a remedial procedure wherein you will be put under general anesthesia and observed by a team of experts. Additionally, the doctor will purge the toxins out of your body by administering beneficial drugs. This elimination of toxins will immediately make you undergo the withdrawal symptoms. However, the anesthesia will aid to prevent you from experiencing the painful symptoms. This withdrawal period can last from ten hours to ten days, based on the severity of drug abuse. This detox procedure is normally carried out to deal with oxycontin, heroin, codeine and methadone addictions. And, as you start recovering, your craving for addictive drugs diminishes. However, though the results are instantaneous, researches have shown that you will still be required to go through continued counseling and therapy.

During the counseling stage, you will be given medicines as well as other treatments that can help you deal with the underlying issues related to your addiction. The ‘twelve-step program’ is generally the most effective method adopted by the detox centers that help in focusing on making you realize about the existence of greater powers to attain happiness. The program also aims at making you understand that the addiction has gone beyond control and can now be treated only with professional help and your co-operation.

Drug Detox Center For Fast Recovery:

Along with proper treatment and medication, the detox centers will also make sure that you receive enough care, love and attention so that you get motivated to fight your addiction. The staffs at the center will also make you involve in extracurricular activities such as sports, music, group discussion etc to keep you mind busy. This strategy also helps in diverting your attention from drug cravings and assists you in leading a normal and happy life away from the clutches of drugs.

Overall, when you become conscious that you or a loved one is addicted to drugs; you will have to find a good drug detox center as the drug rehab facilities are established to help you triumph over your drug addiction. Detox centers usually concentrates on treating various types of drug dependencies hence, to enhance your chances of a successful recovery, it would be vital that you choose to get treated under proper medical supervision in a reputed drug detox center.